The most famous representative of the school of Antioch, Theodore of Mopsuestia penned a number of commentaries on biblical books in both Testaments. This volume offers not only an introduction to Theodore’s life and work but also the first modern-language translation of his commentaries on Paul’s minor epistles (Galatians–Philemon). The English translation is accompanied by a facing Latin/Greek text based on H. B. Swete’s 1880–1882 critical edition of these early fifth-century commentaries. As a prime example of “Antiochene” exegesis and theology, they are of considerable interest, providing valuable evidence for Theodore’s exegetical principles and practice, his Christology and doctrines of grace and free will, and his understanding of crucial developments in Christian ministry and church polity from the time of Paul to his own day.
Rowan A. Greer is Professor of Anglican Studies Emeritus at Yale Divinity School. He is the author of numerous books, including Origen: An Exhortation to Martyrdom, Prayer, and Selected Works (Paulist); Broken Lights and Mended Lives: Theology and Common Life in the Early Church (Pennsylvania State University Press); and Anglican Approaches to Scripture: From the Reformation to the Present (Crossroad).
“With a light touch born of extraordinary erudition, Rowan Greer makes Theodore of Mopsuestia essential reading for anyone who would do theology in our time. In particular, he reminds us that the theologian’s first task is the exposition of scripture.” — Stanley Hauerwas, Gilbert T. Rowe Professor of Theological Ethics, Duke University Divinity School
“Rowan Greer’s achievement in this volume, an eminently readable and reliable translation of this important early Christian commentary on Paul’s minor epistles, comes as no surprise. Professor Greer’s scholarship on Theodore spans now almost half a century with the publication of Theodore of Mopsuestia: Exegete and Theologian (London: Faith Press, 1961) and The Captain of our Salvation: A Study in the Patristic Exegesis of Hebrews (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1973). The present translation of Theodore’s commentaries now provides to a wider audience the opportunity to engage firsthand the theology of the fourth century “Antiochenes” who had such a profound influence in the doctrinal development of the Christian churches in both East and West. Anyone interested in the history of biblical interpretation as well as the history of Christian doctrine will find this translation indispensible.” — Charles A. Bobertz, Professor of Theology, St. John’s University (MN)
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